Australia will join Malabar exercise in 2020


On 19 Oct. 2020, Australia has agreed to join the Malabar exercise. The Malabar exercise to be held in the Bay of Bengal and the Arabian sea in Nov. 2020. In 2019 the Malabar exercise as conducted off the cost of Japan. The objective of this exercise is enhance safety and security in the Maritime domain.


What is Malabar Exercise?

Malabar is an annual tripartite naval exercise between the navies of India, Japan and the United States, held alternately in the Indian and Pacific Oceans. The Malabar exercise began between India and USA in 1992 and was expanded to a trilateral format with the inclusion of Japan in 2015.  It aims to emphasize humanitarian aid, surface maneuvers, anti-submarine warfare, counter-terrorism operations, artillery training and aerial surveillance.

Australia  in 2020 Malabar Exercise.

The issue of involving Australia in Malabar again came up for discussion at the Quad Foreign Ministers' Meeting held in Tokyo in October 2020. In view of this, India invited Australia to join the exercise in 2020. The move to include Australia would increase the capacity of India, Australia, Japan and the United States to maintain peace and stability in the Indo-Pacific region.


  • In 2017, Australia requested observer status in the Malabar practice.
  • China has repeatedly voiced strong opposition to any extension of the Malabar exercise, which it sees as a multilateral naval construction that has been "countered and incorporated".
  • However, the recent Indo-China tensions over the Line of Actual Control (LAC) situation has brought more flexibility in India's decision process.
  • Japan and UASA have been pressuring India to include Australia in the Malabar Exercise.

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