What is Assam Mizoram Dispute ?

 On 9 and 17 October 2020, residents of Assam and Mizoram clashed with each other. At least eight people have been injured in the incident. And some huts and small shops were also burnt by the people. The violence underscores the long-standing interstate border issues in the northeast, particularly between Assam and those states that were carved out of it.

History of  Assam and Mizoram.

The border between present-day Assam and Mizoram, 165 km long, dates back to the colonial era, when Mizoram was a district in Assam known as Lushai Hills.The dispute stems from a notification of 1875 that differentiated Lushai Hills from the plains of Cachar, and another of 1933 that demarcates a boundary between Lushai Hills and Manipur.

The boundary dispute between the two states has been simmering since the formation of Mizoram as a separate state in the 1980s. According to an agreement between governments of Assam and Mizoram some years ago, status quo should be maintained in no-man’s land in the border area. However, clashes have erupted from time to time over the issue

Northeast Boundary Issues.

  • Assam & NagalandNagaland and Assam share a 500 km border between themselves. Nagaland attained statehood on 1 December 1963, making it the 16th state of India and was excluded from the Naga Hills district of Assam and Arunachal Pradesh (then North-East Frontier Agency).Violent conflicts and armed conflicts marked by the killings have occurred since 1965 along the Assam-Nagaland border. This boundary dispute is in the Supreme Court.
  • Assam & Arunachal Pradesh - Both states have a boundary of over 800 km.Arunachal Pradesh was granted statehood by the State of Arunachal Pradesh Act, 1986 in 1987.Clashes were first reported in 1992 and since then, there have been several accusations of illegal encroachment from both sides, and intermittent clashes.This boundary issue is also being heard by the Supreme Court.
  • Assam & Meghalaya - The 884-km boundary between the two states also witnesses flare-ups.Meghalaya came into existence as an autonomous state within the state of Assam in April 1970 comprising the United Khasi and Jaintia Hills and the Garo Hills districts. In 1972, it got statehood.As per Meghalaya government statements, today there are 12 areas of dispute between the two states.
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